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Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2

by Michael Polzella

An estimated 29 million Americans have type 1 (T1D) or type 2 (T2D) diabetes. Both share warning signs, including increased hunger, thirst and frequent urination. Here’s a breakdown of their differences:


• Autoimmune disease.

• Can’t be prevented.

• Individuals can’t produce insulin.

• Management includes counting carbohydrates and administering insulin through shots or a pump.


• Tied to metabolism and genetic susceptibility.

• Can be prevented or delayed through diet and exercise.

• Individuals are insulin-resistant.

• Management varies and could include dietary modifications, exercise, oral medicines and reduced carbohydrate intake.

Stable blood sugar control reduces the risk of developing inevitable complications from both.

– Rick Byrd, executive director, JDRF Houston Gulf Coast Chapter


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